Answer: Marie Curie
The French-Polish scientist Marie Curie was one of the pioneers in the field of radiation and radioactivity (a term she coined). Through her work in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, she radically expanded our knowledge of radiation and radioactive isotopes and discovered two radioactive elements: polonium and radium. For her efforts, she has received numerous awards and honors, including Nobel Prizes in physics and chemistry. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first to have received two awards, and shares the distinction of being the only winner with Linus Pauling (who won one for chemistry and one for peace) .
Unfortunately for the Curie's accomplishment, at the time of his research, the effects of radiation on cell structure were unknown. After years of extensive research in her laboratory, handling highly radioactive materials without protection, she died at age 66 from aplastic anemia – a bone marrow disorder caused by her exposure to ionizing radiation. including its many research notebooks, are still so radioactive that they require special storage and protection equipment.
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