Windows 10X is a new edition of Windows 10 designed for dual-screen devices such as Microsoft's upcoming Surface Neo, which will be available for the 2020 holiday season next year. It offers a personalized interface for these devices.
Windows 10X is Windows
To his Surface eventMicrosoft says Windows 10X "supports all Windows applications," which means that all traditional Windows desktop applications will work just like Windows 10 Home or Professional. This is not an entirely new operating system, it is a customized version of Windows 10 with an interface designed for these devices.
Update: Microsoft said The edge Windows 10X will run these traditional Windows desktop applications in a container to improve battery life. Windows 10X seems to be based on Windows Core operating system.
Optimized for dual screen devices
Windows 10X has an interface "designed and optimized for dual-screen devices, just like Surface Neo," according to Microsoft.
The Neo Surface is a dual-screen device with a hinge, like a laptop, but if the keyboard section has been replaced by a screen. Alternatively, it looks like two tablets connected together by a hinge. If you remember the Microsoft Courier device canceled, it sounds a lot like that.
More living tiles
Part of the operating system optimization for dual-screen devices seems to be the removal of Live Tiles. A new Start menu with a simplified application and a website launcher. this seems to be the menu start leak earlier this year.
Tweaks of dual-screen interface
When you launch an application, it launches on one side of the device. It's a bit like Snap feature of Windows 10– Applications will open on a screen (or on one side of the device) rather than on both screens. You can drag an application window to the middle of the screen and release it to "expand" the application on both screens. According to Microsoft, this does not only affect the application on both screens: it also "optimizes" the interface of the application so that it can take advantage intelligently of the two screens.
Microsoft also showed Windows "recognize the keyboard" placed on one side of the screen and reveal the "Wunderbar", a kind of over-loaded version of the Apple software MacBook touch bar which offers buttons, a trackpad and even a large part of the screen on which you can play videos. Microsoft says it is something that "Neo" does, but that is probably part of Windows 10X and one of the many new interface tricks added for these devices.
– Microsoft Surface (@surface) October 2, 2019
Windows 10X and dual screen devices are still off. Microsoft announces Windows 10X a year before the release of Surface Neo so that developers have the time to try and optimize their applications for the new software.
Microsoft published a blog post featuring Windows 10Xbut did not share many technical details. Everything is probably still in the air. We will update this article when we know more.